Are you thinking of becoming a dentist, You’ve landed in the right place, and I assure you that you won’t regret reading this how to become a dentist blog until the end. Let’s know what you will get from this guide, from who is a dentist, skills required, qualifications, a step-by-step process, the average salary and other earning sources, to the pros and cons of a dentist’s career. So without wasting any time, let’s dive in


Who is a Dentist

A dentist is a medical professional who specializes in diagnosing, treating, and preventing oral-related health conditions. Dentists mainly focus on helping people maintain the health of their teeth, gums, and other structures of the mouth. In our lives, dentists play a crucial role in promoting good oral hygiene and the overall well-being of teeth. Also, they educate their patients on proper oral care and provide guidance on preventive measures like teeth cleaning, routine checkups, etc, to ensure long-lasting dental health.


What does a Dentist do: Roles and Responsibilities

A dentist is responsible for providing their patients with comprehensive oral healthcare. They work to maintain and improve their patients’ oral health by addressing a wide range of dental issues. A dentist’s roles and responsibilities include the following:

  • Diagnosing oral diseases: 

Dentists use a variety of diagnostic tools, such as a mouth mirror, sickle probe, and scaler, to identify dental issues such as tooth decay, gum disease, or oral cancer.

  • Developing treatment plans: 

Based on their diagnosis, dentists create personalized treatment plans for their patients to cure the specific dental problems.

  • Performing dental procedures: 

Dentists perform various dental procedures, including tooth extractions, root canals, dental fillings, and fitting crowns or bridges.

  • Providing preventive care: 

Dentists promote preventive dental care by performing routine checkups and cleanings, fluoride treatments, and sealant applications.

  • Educating patients: 

They educate patients on proper oral hygiene techniques and offer advice on how to maintain a good oral health, including brushing, flossing, and regular dental checkups.

  • Cosmetic dentistry: 

Dentists may also perform cosmetic dentistry procedures to improve patients’ smiles, such as teeth whitening, veneers, and gum disease treatments.

  • Managing dental emergencies: 

Dentists treat dental emergencies, such as severe toothaches or knocked-out teeth, to alleviate pain and prevent further complications.

  • Collaborating with other dental professionals: 

Dentists often work alongside dental hygienists, dental assistants, and dental technicians to provide comprehensive oral care to their patients.


Types of Dentist

There are various types of dentists, each specializing in different aspects of dental care. Here are some common types of dentists:

  • General Dentist: 

Also known as a family dentist, they provide routine dental care to patients, including check-ups, cleanings, and basic treatments like fillings and extractions.

  • Orthodontist: 

Orthodontists specialize in correcting teeth and jaw irregularities or misalignments. They design and fit braces, aligners, and other orthodontic appliances to straighten teeth and improve patients’ smiles of all ages.

  • Periodontist: 

These dentists focus on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of gum diseases and other conditions affecting the tissues around teeth, such as periodontitis and gingivitis.

  • Pediatric Dentist: 

Paediatric dentists, or pedodontists, specialize in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment for children and adolescents, addressing their unique dental needs and promoting good oral hygiene habits from an early age.

  • Endodontist: 

Endodontists are experts in diagnosing and treating tooth pain and performing root canal treatments. They focus on preserving the health of the tooth pulp (the nerves inside teeth) and treating other complex conditions.

  • Prosthodontist: 

Prosthodontists specialize in replacing missing teeth and restoring damaged teeth. They design and fit dental prosthetics, such as crowns, bridges, dentures, implants, and more, to improve patients’ oral function and teeth appearance.

  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon: 

These dental specialists perform complex surgical procedures in patients involving the mouth, jaws, face, and neck, such as tooth extractions, dental implant placement, and jaw reconstruction.

  • Cosmetic Dentist: 

Cosmetic dentists help patients get their beautiful smiles through treatments ranging from minor fixes to major surgeries like teeth whitening, veneers, bonding, dental implants, etc.

  • Oral Pathologist: 

Oral pathologists diagnose and treat oral diseases and abnormalities in patients, including oral cancer and precancerous lesions, by examining tissue samples and conducting other diagnostic tests.

Each type of dentist plays a crucial role in maintaining and improving the oral health of their patients.


Skills Required to Become a Dentist

To become a successful dentist, you need to develop a specific set of skills. Here are some essential skills for aspiring dentists:

  • Manual dexterity: 

Dentists must have excellent hand-eye coordination and fine motor skills to perform medical procedures in the small, confined spaces of a patient’s mouth.

  • Interpersonal skills:  

It is essential to establish and maintain strong relationships with patients. Dentists should be empathetic, good listeners, and able to communicate effectively with patients of all age groups.

  • Critical thinking: 

Dentists need to evaluate each patient’s unique dental problems, analyze their oral health, and develop a customized treatment plan that meets their requirements.

  • Attention to detail: 

Providing high-quality dental care requires a keen eye for detail to accurately understand and treat dental concerns.

  • Problem-solving: 

Dentists should be able to think on their feet and come up with effective solutions for patients to solve unexpected challenges that may arise during treatment.

  • Patience: 

Working with patients who may be nervous, in pain, or uncooperative requires a great patience level and understanding.

  • Organization and time management: 

Dentists need to manage their appointment schedules, patient records, and treatment plans efficiently to ensure smooth operations in their dental journey.

  • Continual learning: 

As of 2023, dentistry is constantly evolving, so dentists must stay up-to-date with the latest techniques, materials, and dental technologies through continuing education.

  • Business Knowledge: 

Dentists who run their own clinics must have a solid understanding of business management, marketing, and finance to run a successful dental clinic.

Also Read: Career as an Doctor

Dentist Qualifications Required

To become a dentist in India, you must acquire specific qualifications and fulfill certain educational requirements. Here’s a list of qualifications needed to practice dentistry in India:

  • 10+2 Science: 

A strong foundation in science subjects, including biology, chemistry, and physics, is mandatory during your high school years (10+2) to become a dentist.

  • Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) degree: 

A candidate must complete a 5-year BDS programme from a dental college recognised by the Dental Council of India, which includes a 4-year academic curriculum and a 1-year mandatory internship (DCI).

  • Dental entrance examination: 

In India, you need to appear in the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) to get admission into a recognized dental college.

  • Dental registration: 

After completing your BDS degree, you must register with the State Dental Council to legally practise dentistry in any private or government hospital.


How to Become a Dentist in India? A Step-by-Step Guide

To become a dentist in India, follow this step-by-step guide:

Step 1: Complete your high school education (10+2): 

choose subjects such as biology, chemistry, and physics in +2 to pursue a careerin dentistry.

Step 2: Appear for the NEET entrance exam: 

Take the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) to secure admission into a recognized dental college. The NEET is a national-level entrance exam for medical and dental courses.

Step 3: Pursue a Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) degree: 

You have to enroll in a 5-year BDS programme at a dental college recognized by the Dental Council of India (DCI). The degree consists of a 4-year academic curriculum followed by a 1-year mandatory internship.

Step 4: Complete your internship: 

Gain practical experience during your 1-year compulsory internship, working under the supervision of experienced dentists in various dental hospitals, clinics, and medical colleges.

Step 5: Register with the State Dental Council: 

After obtaining your BDS degree, register with the Dental counsil of India to practice legally as a dentist in India.

Step 6: Start your dental practice: 

You can now begin your career working as a dentist, either by joining a dental clinic, private or government hospitals, or own private clinic.

Step 7: Pursue a Master of Dental Surgery (MDS) (Optional)

If you want to become a specialist dentist in a particular area of dentistry, such as orthodontics, periodontics, or oral surgery, enroll in a 3-year MDS programme in any recognized institute, but you must qualify for entrance exams like NEET MDS or institutional exams to secure admission.


Best Dental Colleges In India

  1. Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi
  2. Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal
  3. Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
  4. Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College & Hospital, Kolkata
  5. Christian Dental College, Ludhiana
  6. Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai
  7. Institute of Dental Sciences, SOA Universities, Bhubaneswar
  8. Government Dental College & Hospital, Chennai
  9. SDM College of Dental Sciences & Hospital, Dharwad
  10. Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai
  11. AB Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore

Please note that these rankings may change over time, so always research the latest information when choosing a dental college.


Career Options for Dentist

Dentists have a variety of career options to choose from, depending on their interests, expertise, and qualifications. Some career options for dentists include:

  • Private Clinic: 

Open a dental clinic or join an existing one.

  • Government Hospitals and Clinics: 

Provide dental care in government-run medical facilities and institutions.

  • Dental Colleges and Universities: 

Teach and conduct research at academic institutions in India.

  • Corporate Sector: 

Work in product development, sales, or marketing for dental related companies like pharmaceutical companies and dental equipment manufacturers. 

  • Public Health Organizations: 

Develop and implement oral health programs for the government or NGOs in all sizes of cities and villages.

  • Armed Forces: 

Serve as a commissioned officer in the Indian Army, Air Force, or Navy, providing dental care.

  • Research Institutes: 

Contribute to dental science advancements at organizations like the ICMR or any private research institutes.

  • International Opportunities: 

Work with global health organizations or practice abroad.

  • Consulting: 

Offer expert advice to dental practices or organizations within India and abroad.


Dentist Salary in India and other earning sources

Dentist salaries in India can vary depending on factors such as experience, location, specialization, and type of practice. Here is an approximate breakdown of dentist salaries in India:

  • Entry-Level Dentist (1-3 years of experience): INR 3-5 lakhs per annum
  • Mid-Level Dentist (4-8 years of experience): INR 6-10 lakhs per annum
  • Experienced dentist (9+ years of experience): INR 10-25 lakhs per annum or more

Other earning sources for dentists in India include:

  • Private Clinics: 

Dentists with well-established private clinics can earn significantly more, depending on the location and clients.

  • Consulting: 

Dentists can offer consulting services to other dental practices, dental product companies, or healthcare organizations to earn money.
Teaching and Research: 

  • Teaching and Research: 

Dentists working as faculty members in dental colleges or researchers in institutes can have additional income through grants, stipends, and salaries.
Workshops and Training: 

  • Workshops and Training:

Conducting workshops and training sessions online or offline for fellow dentists or dental students can also contribute to their income.
It is important to note that these figures are approximate and may vary depending on individual circumstances and the specific job market.


Pros and Cons 

Pros and Cons of Being a Dentist:


  • High demand: Job stability and opportunities due to consistent need for dental care.
  • Rewarding career: Satisfaction from helping patients maintain oral health and improve smiles.
  • Flexible work hours: Ability to set own schedules or work part-time in some cases.
  • Good earning potential: Experienced and specialized dentists can earn well.
  • Growth opportunities: Options to specialize, teach, research, or work in administration.


  • Long, expensive education: Becoming a dentist requires costly and time-consuming education.
  • High competition: Dental schools and the job market can be highly competitive.
  • Stressful work: Handling anxious patients and physically, mentally demanding tasks.
  • Liability concerns: Risk of malpractice lawsuits or legal issues in practice.
  • Work-life balance: Managing private practice or long hours may affect personal life.



In this complete guide, you have learned step by step how to become a dentist, including the skills required, qualifications, pros and cons, salaries, and other earning sources.

I hope this guide has helped you understand the career of a dentist; now you can make an informed decision to choose this career; if not, don’t worry, and please feel free to ask any questions in the comment section related to a dentist’s career or any other career-related questions.



Salary of Government Dentist in India: 

Government dentists in India typically earn between INR 60,000 to INR 80,000 per month, depending on experience and location.


How Many Years to Become a Dentist?

It usually takes 5 years of undergraduate study (BDS) and an additional 1-year internship to become a dentist.


How to Become a Dentist After 12th? 

After completing 12th grade with PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology), appear for the NEET exam, secure admission in a dental college, and complete a 5-year BDS program followed by a 1-year internship.


Is MBBS Required to Become a Dentist? 

No, MBBS is not required to become a dentist. You need to complete a BDS program.


Do I Need NEET for Dentistry? 

Yes, NEET is required for admission into BDS courses in India.


Is BDS Possible Without NEET? 

No, NEET is mandatory for pursuing a BDS degree in India.


Do BDS Students Do Surgery? 

Yes, BDS students are trained to perform minor oral surgical procedures.


Dentist Salary in Canada: 

On average, a dentist in Canada earns around CAD 120,000 to CAD 240,000 per year.


Dentist Salary in USA: 

In the USA, the average dentist salary ranges from USD 120,000 to USD 250,000 per year.


Dentist Salary in UK: 

Dentists in the UK earn an average annual salary of GBP 50,000 to GBP 110,000.


Dentist Salary in Australia: 

Australian dentists earn an average annual salary of AUD 85,000 to AUD 200,000.


Dentist Salary in Dubai: 

In Dubai, dentists typically earn an average annual salary of AED 250,000 to AED 400,000.


Dentist Salary in Germany: 

German dentists earn an average annual salary of EUR 65,000 to EUR 130,000.


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About the Author: Sanjay Hota

Meet Sanjay Hota, an edtech content writer with 4+ years of experience. Sanjay creates engaging content for educational institutions and edtech companies, and in his spare time, he helps students and graduates find clarity about their career prospects through his career counselling programme.