Best PCM Career Options with Salary, Future scope, and Responsibilities
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Class 12th is a very important career point in a student’s life, where you will decide your upcoming career options.
So, if you are a PCM student and want to unlock an exciting future after 12th grade with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Math), say goodbye to confusion and hello to clarity!
Aimhook will help you explore the top-notch 30 PCM career options with salaries and promising future scope.
Without further ado, let’s dive in!
List of Career options After 12th PCM with Salary
Explore a world of possibilities with our list of 30 career options after 12th PCM Stream. From engineering to finance, discover diverse paths for your future. So, let’s explore the PCM jobs list and salary with roles and responsibilities.
An architect, a fantastic career choice after +2 science with PCM, plays a crucial role in designing, planning, and overseeing construction projects, whether it’s a new building or the renovation of an existing one. Architects serve as the guiding hands in these endeavors, and they can work for architectural firms, government bodies, nonprofits, or on independent projects.
In terms of earnings, entry-level architects typically earn around ₹3-5 lakhs per year. However, as they gain experience and expertise, their income can grow significantly, reaching an average of 10-20 lakhs per annum.
2. Forensic science
Forensic science involves using scientific methods to investigate crimes and examine evidence that may be used in a court of law. Due to a rising crime rate, the scope of this field has expanded significantly.
There are numerous job opportunities available, and the demand for specialists in this field is high worldwide.
For newcomers, the average annual income ranges from INR 4 lakhs to 6.5 lakhs, along with additional benefits. Those with over 5 years of experience can earn INR 6-12 lakhs per year, with extra perks if they work for the government.
3. Aerospace engineering
Aerospace engineering is one of the high-paying career options after +2 Science PCM. Aerospace engineers are responsible for designing, testing, and manufacturing aircraft, spacecraft, and related technologies.
In 2023 and beyond, careers in aerospace engineering are flourishing, with job opportunities available in airlines, the Air Force, the Defense Ministry, helicopter and aviation companies, NASA, and more.
For newcomers in aerospace engineering, you can earn around 5-12 lakhs in India. With 5 years of experience, you could potentially make between 15-30 lakhs approximately.
4. Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical engineering is a popular career choice after +2 science. These engineers are responsible for designing, manufacturing, installing, and operating engines, machines, and manufacturing processes.
The field has excellent future prospects with advancements like AI, robotics, nanotechnology, and computer-aided design.
In terms of salary, fresh mechanical engineers can earn an average of 2-10 lakhs, while experienced ones make around 6-15 lakhs per annum.
5. Chemical Engineering
Chemical engineers are key players in shaping the production of everyday items like chemicals, fuels, food, pharmaceuticals, detergents, paper, and biologicals.
Job opportunities in this field are predicted to grow by 14% by 2031.
Entry-level chemical engineers earn around ₹3.2 lakhs annually, with increased earnings as experience grows. A chemical engineer with 5+ years of experience can earn an average of about ₹15-20 lakhs per annum.
6. Electronic engineering
Electronics engineers play a vital role in designing, testing, and improving electronic systems, components, equipment (laptops, mobile, etc), and software. They create electronic products for various applications like commercial, industrial, medical, military, or scientific use, considering customer needs and project requirements.
The field of electronics engineering is promising, with a 7% year-on-year growth in demand predicted by 2026, leading to over 345,800 job opportunities.
Salary for electronic engineers can vary, but those with 5+ years of experience can earn between 10 to 20 lakhs annually, depending on the company and location.
7. Civil Engineering
Civil engineers key responsibilities are developing detailed plan, design, and manage construction projects, providing estimates for projects, ensuring safety and compliance.
With increasing infrastructure demands, civil engineering offers diverse opportunities in smart cities, tier II & tier III and sustainable construction.
Entry-level civil engineers earn ₹3-6 lakhs per year, rising to ₹8-20 lakhs with experience. Staying updated with industry trends enhances long-term earning potential.
8. Electrical engineering
Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and maintain electrical systems and components for various applications and equipment, from electric motors to radar.
Electrical engineering offers excellent future prospects, particularly in energy management, manufacturing, renewable energy, and automation.
Entry-level engineers earn ₹3-8 lakhs annually, while those with 5+ years of experience can make ₹10-20 lakhs or more.
9. Genetic engineering
Genetic engineering is one of the best career options after 12th PCM. Genetic engineers work on the manipulation and modification of an organism’s genetic material, Some common job duties in this field include DNA analysis, genetic modification, experimental design, and publication. They are responsible for a wide range of applications, from enhancing crops to treating diseases.
Genetic engineering has promising opportunities in agriculture, medicine, and biotechnology, including gene therapy and improved crops.
New genetic engineers can earn ₹4-8 lakhs yearly, while experienced ones can make ₹10-20 lakhs or more.
10. Biomedical engineering
Biomedical engineering is one of the career options in the PCM stream within the medical field. Biomedical engineers combine engineering and medical sciences to create healthcare solutions, such as artificial organs and healthcare software. They play a crucial role in improving healthcare through technology.
Biomedical engineering offers a promising future in areas like medical device development, healthcare technology, and biotech research.
Entry-level salaries range from ₹2-5 lakhs per year, while experienced professionals can earn ₹8-15 lakhs annually or more, depending on their expertise and the organization they work for. This field blends biology, engineering, and medicine, making it a dynamic and rewarding career choice.
11. Petroleum Engineering
Petroleum engineers are responsible for designing and developing methods to extract oil and gas from underground reservoirs. They assess drilling sites, oversee drilling operations, and develop strategies to maximize resource recovery while ensuring safety and environmental compliance.
The future of petroleum engineering is promising, with growing global demand for energy resources.
Entry-level petroleum engineers can expect salaries between ₹5-10 lakhs annually. With experience, salaries can rise significantly, reaching ₹20-30 lakhs or more per year for seasoned professionals.
12. Marine engineering
Marine engineers are responsible for designing, maintaining, and repairing ships, boats, and offshore structures. They make sure these vessels work safely and efficiently, including their propulsion systems and environmental rules.
The future scope of marine engineering includes opportunities in ship design, renewable energy projects, and offshore infrastructure.
Entry-level marine engineers can earn salaries ranging from ₹3-8 lakhs per year. With experience, they can command higher salaries, with senior professionals making ₹12-25 lakhs or more annually, depending on expertise and the employing organization. This field offers a dynamic and rewarding career, combining engineering with a love for the sea.
13. Software Engineer
In today’s Internet world, Software engineering is one of the best career options after 12th pcm with high salary. Software engineers create, test, and maintain computer programs and applications. They design software solutions, fix issues, and ensure the smooth running of programs, including mobile apps, websites, and various software types.
The future scope of software engineering is promising, with job opportunities in sectors like technology, healthcare, fintech, e-commerce, and more. It’s a field that continues to grow as technology advances.
Entry-level software engineers can expect salaries ranging from ₹4-10 lakhs per year. With experience and expertise, earnings can climb to ₹15-30 lakhs or more annually.
Metallurgists are responsible for studying and working with metals and alloys. They investigate their properties, develop new alloys, and ensure quality and material performance.
The future scope of metallurgy includes opportunities in industries like manufacturing, aerospace, automotive, renewable energy, and materials science as advanced materials are in high demand.
Entry-level metallurgists can earn salaries ranging from ₹3-8 lakhs per year. As they gain experience and expertise, their earnings can increase, with seasoned professionals making ₹10-20 lakhs or more annually.
Robotics engineers are responsible for designing, building, and programming robotic systems and machines. They create robots for various applications, from improving automation processes and manufacturing to healthcare, space exploration, and entertainment.
Robotics is a rapidly growing field with increasing demand in industries like automation, healthcare, and AI-driven technologies.
Entry-level robotics engineers can earn salaries ranging from ₹6-10 lakhs per year. With experience and specialized skills, earnings can rise to ₹15-30 lakhs or more annually.
16. Data scientist
Data science is one of the trending PCM career options in this information age. Data scientists collect, analyze, and create data-driven insights to help organizations make informed decisions. They use statistical analysis, machine learning, and data visualization tools to uncover insights and trends.
The future of data science is bright, with increasing applications in fields like healthcare, finance, marketing, and more.
Entry-level data scientists can earn salaries ranging from ₹6-12 lakhs per year. With experience and expertise, earnings can rise significantly, reaching ₹15-30 lakhs or more annually, depending on skills and the employer. Data science offers a rewarding career in the age of big data and analytics.
17. Agricultural engineer
Agricultural engineers are responsible for designing and developing agricultural equipment, machinery, and processes to improve farming efficiency. They work on innovations in crop production, irrigation, and farm infrastructure, including soil-less farming such as hydroponic, and aquaponic farming.
The future scope of agricultural engineering is promising, with a growing demand for sustainable farming practices and technology-driven agriculture.
Entry-level agricultural engineers can earn salaries ranging from ₹3-8 lakhs per year. With experience and specialized knowledge, earnings can reach ₹10-20 lakhs or more annually.
Astronomers explore celestial bodies, studying the universe’s origins, including stars, planets, galaxies, and the universe as a whole. They use advanced telescopes and instruments to analyze data and conduct research, contributing to our knowledge of the cosmos.
The future of astronomy is promising, with numerous opportunities in research, space exploration, and astrophysics.
Entry-level astronomers can earn around ₹5-10 lakhs per year. With experience and significant contributions, earnings can rise to ₹15-30 lakhs or more annually. Astronomy offers a captivating career, delving into the mysteries of the cosmos.
Note: Salaries may vary significantly by country and region.
Marketing professionals are responsible for creating, implementing, and managing strategies to promote products or services of a company or startup. They conduct market research, analyze consumer trends, develop advertising and promotional campaigns, and analyze data to measure campaign success, adapting strategies to changing market trends to drive business growth.
The future of marketing is dynamic, with increasing opportunities in digital marketing, data analytics, and e-commerce.
Entry-level marketing positions typically offer salaries ranging from ₹3-8 lakhs per year. With experience and expertise, earnings can rise significantly, reaching ₹10-20 lakhs or more annually, especially in leadership roles.
Pilots operate aircraft like airplanes and helicopters, ensuring the safety of passengers and cargo in various conditions and communicating with air traffic control.
The aviation industry’s future is promising, with increasing demand for pilots in both commercial and private sectors worldwide, driven by factors like cargo transport and passenger planes.
Entry-level pilots earn ₹10-30 lakhs per year, depending on aircraft type and airline. With experience and advancing to captain roles, senior captains at major airlines can earn ₹80 lakhs to several crores annually.
21. Product designer
Product designers are responsible for creating and developing functional and aesthetically pleasing products. They design products, conduct research, create prototypes, and work with engineering and marketing teams to bring ideas to life.
The future scope of product design, which is one of the career options after 12th science PCM other than engineering, is promising, with opportunities in various industries like tech, fashion, and consumer goods. Their goal is to craft aesthetically pleasing, functional, and user-friendly products.
Entry-level product designers can earn salaries ranging from ₹4-10 lakhs per year. As they gain experience and expertise, earnings can rise to ₹15-30 lakhs or more annually, depending on their skills and the organization they work for.
After 12th pcm science, animation is one of the trending jobs, if you have interest in it. Animators are creative professionals who bring characters and scenes to life through the art of animation, whether for entertainment, marketing, or educational purposes. They use animation software and techniques to animate characters, objects, and scenes.
The future scope for animators is promising, with growing demand in industries such as film, gaming, advertising, and online content creation. This field offers opportunities for specialization, from 2D and 3D animation to visual effects and virtual reality.
Entry-level animators can earn salaries ranging from ₹3-8 lakhs per year. With experience and expertise, earnings can rise to ₹12-23 lakhs or more annually, depending on the complexity of projects and the employer’s scale.
23. Nautical Science
Nautical science professionals are responsible for the safe navigation, maritime operations, and operation of ships at sea. They oversee vessel operations, cargo handling, and safety procedures.
Nautical science offers promising career prospects, with opportunities in the maritime industry, including shipping companies and the merchant navy.
Entry-level salaries for nautical science professionals range from ₹4-8 lakhs per year. With experience and advancement to higher ranks, earnings can substantially increase, reaching ₹20-50 lakhs or more annually for senior positions like ship captains or maritime managers. This field combines adventure with responsibility, making it an appealing career choice.
24. Investment Banking
Investment banking is one of the highest-paying careers in the PCM career options. Investment bankers are responsible for advising clients on financial strategies, managing mergers and acquisitions, and raising capital for businesses and organizations. They analyze market conditions, evaluate investments, and develop financial models.
The future scope of investment banking is promising, with opportunities in finance, consulting, corporate sectors, and several factors contributing to its continued relevance, such as globalization, technology integration, evolving regulations, sustainable finance, and emerging markets.
Investment banking offers competitive salaries. Entry-level professionals can earn ₹10-20 lakhs per year, while experienced bankers can make ₹30-50 lakhs or more annually, depending on their skills, experience, and the size of deals they handle.
Pharmacists, among the PCM career options without engineering, play a vital role in the healthcare industry. They ensure safe medication usage by verifying prescriptions, dispensing drugs, and offering patient guidance. They collaborate with healthcare professionals, including doctors and pharmacy companies, while managing medication inventories.
The future scope for pharmacists is promising, with opportunities in various healthcare settings like hospitals, retail pharmacies, pharmaceutical companies, and research. As the demand for healthcare services grows, so does the need for pharmacists.
Pharmacists can earn through their own shops or by working for pharmacy companies, with salaries varying by location, experience, and specialization, ranging from 4 to 10 lakhs or more.
26. Financial Analyst
Financial analysts assess financial data, identify market trends, and offer insights for sound financial decisions. They serve individuals and businesses in areas like investment strategies, risk assessment, and financial planning.
The future for financial analysts is promising, with opportunities in banking, investment firms, corporate finance, and financial technology. As financial markets grow, demand for skilled analysts rises.
Salaries vary by experience and location. Entry-level analysts earn 5-10 lakhs per year, while experienced ones make 15-30 lakhs or more annually.
27. Ethical Hacker
Ethical hackers, also known as cybersecurity analysts, are responsible for safeguarding organizations by identifying and resolving security vulnerabilities through penetration testing and security strategy development. They use their skills to find weaknesses before malicious hackers do, ensuring the safety of digital assets.
The future scope for ethical hackers is incredibly promising, with the increasing consumption of the internet and the ever-growing importance of cybersecurity. Ethical hacking opportunities exist in various sectors, including information technology, finance, government agencies, startups, and more.
Salaries for ethical hackers vary based on experience and location. Entry-level positions often start at 5-10 lakhs per year, while experienced professionals can earn 15-30 lakhs or more annually.
28. Air Traffic Controller
Air Traffic Controllers (ATCs) are responsible for ensuring the safe takeoff, landing, and routing of aircraft within controlled airspace and airports. They provide instructions to pilots, monitor air traffic, and coordinate aircraft movements to prevent collisions and maintain efficient flight schedules.
The future scope for air traffic controllers is promising due to the continuous growth of air travel. Job opportunities are expected to increase, particularly in regions with expanding aviation sectors.
Salaries for ATCs vary based on experience and location. In India Entry-level ATCs can earn around 5-10 lakhs per year, while experienced controllers can make 15-30 lakhs or more annually.
29. Professor/Teacher (in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics)
Professors and teachers in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics have several responsibilities, including teaching students, conducting research, assessing student progress, and developing curricula. They play a crucial role in educating the next generation.
The future scope for professors/teachers in PCM subjects is significant, with a continuous demand for quality education. Opportunities exist in schools, colleges, universities, and online teaching platforms.
Salaries for teachers vary widely by location and level of education. In India, entry-level teachers can earn 3-7 lakhs per year, while experienced professors may make 10-20 lakhs or more annually, especially after the boom of edtech startups in India.
30. Defense (Navy, Army, Air Force – technical roles)
Defense is one of the best career options after 12th science PCM. In technical roles within the Defense sector (Navy, Army, Air Force), professionals are responsible for various critical tasks, including maintaining and operating specialized advanced equipment, ensuring national security, and conducting missions. They play a pivotal role in safeguarding our country.
The future scope in these technical Defense roles is promising, with continuous advancements in technology and evolving security needs. Opportunities are available for career growth, specialization, and leadership positions.
Salaries in these roles can vary based on rank, experience, and country. Entry-level positions often start at 5-10 lakhs per year, while experienced technical personnel can earn 15-20 lakhs or more annually, with additional perks like housing and canteen cards.
Tips for Choosing the Best Career Options After 12th PCM
The ideal PCM career scope for you depends on your interests, skills, and goals. If you’re unsure, try exploring various options and also consider taking a career assessment test.
Assess Your Interests: Identify what subjects or topics within PCM excite you the most. Your interests can guide you toward a suitable career.
Research Career Paths: Explore different PCM-related careers to understand their responsibilities, future prospects, and earning potential.
Consult Career Counselors: Seek guidance from career counselors who can provide insights and suggest options that align with your skills and interests.
Consider Your Strengths: Analyze your strengths in PCM subjects. Choose a career that leverages your strengths.
Evaluate Education Requirements: Determine the educational qualifications needed for your chosen career and assess whether you’re willing to pursue them.
Stay Informed: Stay updated on emerging trends and innovations in PCM fields. This can open up new and exciting career paths.
Networking: Connect with professionals in your chosen field to gain insights and build a network that can aid your career.
Salary and Job Prospects: Research salary ranges and job prospects for your chosen career to ensure it meets your financial and professional goals.
Passion and Long-Term Goals: Choose a career that aligns with your passion and long-term goals to ensure job satisfaction and success.
In this article about PCM career options with salary, we’ve introduced over 30 different career options in pcm after +2 science. For each career, we’ve explained what you’d do on the job, what the future could look like, and how much you might earn. We’ve also answered some common questions, check them out below.
As you think about your future, remember that the PCM stream opens doors to many exciting possibilities. Whether you’re interested in engineering, technology, healthcare, or something else, there’s a world of opportunities waiting for you. Your passion and skills will guide you towards a bright and rewarding future. So, go ahead and explore, your future is full of choices!
Which medical course can a PCM student do?
PCM students can pursue medical courses like Biomedical Science, Paramedical Sciences, or enter Medical Technology fields.
Which job has the highest salary in PCM?
Jobs like Aerospace Engineer or Data Scientist often offer high salaries in PCM.
Is PCM better or PCB?
PCM and PCB have different career paths; choose based on your interests.
Best career options after 12th pcm for girls?
Girls have diverse career options after 12th PCM, including engineering, medicine, data science, and finance. They can excel in any field they choose based on their interests and skills.
Can I become a dentist with PCM?
Yes, after PCM, you can pursue Dentistry by clearing relevant entrance exams.
Which stream has more salary?
PCM and PCB can both lead to well-paying careers, depending on your interests.
What is the future of PCM?
PCM offers diverse careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields.
Is PCM a good stream?
PCM is a good stream if you’re interested in science, engineering, or technology.
Can a PCM student become a CA?
Yes, PCM students can pursue Chartered Accountancy (CA) after their 12th.
Which stream is most successful?
Success depends on your passion and skills; both PCM and Commerce offer rewarding careers.
Why do students choose PCM?
Students often choose PCM for career prospects in engineering, technology, and science.
Is PCM for IIT?
PCM is valuable for IIT and other engineering-related entrances.
Is PCM better than commerce?
PCM and Commerce serve different career paths; choose based on your interests and goals.
Meet Sanjay Hota, an edtech content writer with 4+ years of experience. Sanjay creates engaging content for educational institutions and edtech companies, and in his spare time, he helps students and graduates find clarity about their career prospects through his career counselling programme.