Have you ever been curious about what it takes to become a neurologist, the expert in the fascinating world of the brain and nervous system?

Do you want to learn how to become a neurologist? If so, this guide is just what you need! We’ve put together a comprehensive overview of the journey to becoming a neurologist, covering everything from the skills required to the education and training involved.

By reading this article, you’ll gain valuable insights to help you decide if a career in neurology is the right path for you. So, let’s dive in and explore the exciting steps to becoming a neurologist!

Who is a Neurologist

A neurologist is a medical professional who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of nervous system disorders.

The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves, which control a wide range of functions in the human body.

Neurologists frequently work with patients who have epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, or migraines.

They employ a number of diagnostic tools and treatment options to assist patients in managing their symptoms and improving their overall quality of life.

What does a Neurologist do: Roles and Responsibilities

A neurologist plays a vital role in diagnosing, treating, and managing a wide range of neurological disorders. Here are some key roles and responsibilities:

  • Evaluating patient history:

Neurologists carefully review a patient’s medical background, including past diagnoses and family history, to learn more about their neurological problems.

  • Performing diagnostic tests:

Using different tools like MRI, CT scans, and EEG, neurologists find the reason for a patient’s symptoms and make the right diagnosis.

  • Developing treatment plans:

After figuring out the patient’s issue, neurologists create custom treatment plans. These plans may involve medications, therapy, or lifestyle changes to help manage the patient’s condition.

  • Monitoring patient progress:

Neurologists keep a close eye on their patients’ improvement and make changes to treatment plans when needed for the best results.

  • Providing patient education:

Neurologists teach patients and their families about neurological disorders, treatment choices, and what to expect, helping them make smart decisions about their care.

  • Collaborating with other healthcare professionals:

Neurologists often work with other medical experts, like neurosurgeons, psychiatrists, and therapists, to give patients complete care.

  • Staying up-to-date on research:

To offer the best care and treatment options, neurologists need to stay informed about the newest findings in their field.

Types of Neurologist

Neurologists can choose to specialize in specific areas of their field to effectively address the wide range of neurological disorders. Some common neurologist specializations include:

  • Pediatric Neurologist:

Pediatric neurologists focus on diagnosing and treating neurological disorders in children and adolescents. They have specialized training in managing conditions such as cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and developmental disorders.

  • Behavioral Neurologist:

Behavioral neurologists specialize in conditions affecting cognitive and behavioral aspects of the nervous system. They often treat patients with Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, and traumatic brain injuries.

  • Neuromuscular Neurologist:

Neuromuscular neurologists deal with disorders affecting the peripheral nervous system and muscles, such as muscular dystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and peripheral neuropathy.

  • Headache Specialist:

Headache specialists are neurologists who focus on the diagnosis and treatment of various headache disorders, including migraines, cluster headaches, and tension headaches.

  • Epileptologist:

Epileptologists are neurologists who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy, a condition characterized by recurrent seizures.

  • Movement Disorder Specialist:

Movement disorder specialists treat conditions that affect a person’s ability to control their movements, such as Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, and essential tremor.

  • Neuroimmunologist:

Neuro Immunologists focus on the intersection between the immune system and the nervous system, treating conditions like multiple sclerosis and autoimmune encephalitis.

  • Stroke Neurologist:

Stroke neurologists specialize in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of strokes and other cerebrovascular diseases.

Skills Required to Become a Neurologist

Becoming a successful neurologist requires a combination of academic knowledge, technical skills, and interpersonal abilities. Some essential skills for a neurologist include:

  • Strong medical knowledge:

A solid understanding of the human nervous system, anatomy, and physiology is crucial for diagnosing and treating neurological disorders.

  • Critical thinking and problem-solving:

Neurologists must be able to analyze complex medical information, identify patterns, and make informed decisions to develop effective treatment plans.

  • Attention to detail:

Neurological disorders can have subtle symptoms, and accurate diagnoses often depend on a neurologist’s ability to recognize and interpret these signs.

  • Communication skills:

Neurologists need to effectively communicate with patients, families, and other healthcare professionals to ensure that everyone is on the same page regarding diagnoses, treatment plans, and expected outcomes.

  • Empathy and compassion:

Dealing with neurological disorders can be emotionally challenging for patients and their families. A neurologist must be able to provide emotional support and understand the concerns of their patients.

  • Patience and perseverance:

Some neurological conditions require long-term treatment and management. A neurologist should have the patience to work with patients over extended periods and adapt their approach as needed.

  • Time management:

Neurologists often juggle multiple patients and responsibilities, so effective time management and organizational skills are essential.

  • Research abilities:

Staying current on the latest research and advancements in neurology is crucial for providing the best care possible. A neurologist must be able to understand and apply new findings in their practice.

By developing these skills and honing their expertise, aspiring neurologists can better prepare themselves for a rewarding career in this specialized medical field.

Related Article: How to become a Neurosurgeon



To become a neurologist, one must complete a series of educational and training steps. These include obtaining a +2 Science with physics, chemistry, and biology and an MBBS degree, then completing a medical internship in neurology and pursuing a neurology residency program; and finally, you need a license from MCI. Some neurologists may also opt for a fellowship to further specialize in a specific area of neurology.

How to Become a Neurologist in India? A Step-by-Step Guide

The path to becoming a neurologist in India involves several stages of education and training. Follow these steps to achieve your goal of becoming a neurologist in India:

Step 1: Complete 10+2 with science stream

Begin by completing your higher secondary education (10+2) with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as your main subjects. This will serve as a foundation for your medical education.

Step 2: Clear NEET-UG exam

To secure admission in a medical college in India, you must qualify for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Undergraduates (NEET-UG). This competitive exam is essential for pursuing an MBBS degree in India.

Step 3: Pursue an MBBS degree

After clearing NEET-UG, enroll in a medical college to complete a five-and-a-half-year Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) program. This program includes a one-year mandatory internship.

Step 4: Appear for NEET-PG

To gain admission to a postgraduate medical course, you need to qualify for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Postgraduates (NEET-PG).

Step 5: Complete an MD/MS/DNB in General Medicine or Pediatrics

After passing NEET-PG, you can pursue a three-year postgraduate degree in either General Medicine or Pediatrics (MD, MS, or DNB) from a recognized medical college.

Step 6: Appear for NEET-SS or other entrance exams

To specialize in neurology, you must qualify for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Super Specialty (NEET-SS) or other entrance exams conducted by institutions offering DM/DNB in Neurology.

Step 7: Pursue DM/DNB in Neurology

After clearing the entrance exam, enroll in a three-year Doctor of Medicine (DM) or Diplomate of National Board (DNB) program in Neurology. This specialized training will help you become an expert in the field of neurology.

Step 8: Obtain registration and licensing

After completing your education and training, register with the Medical Council of India (MCI) or the respective State Medical Council to practice as a neurologist in India.

By following this step-by-step guide, you’ll be well on your way to building a successful career as a neurologist in India.

Top Colleges/Institutes in India for Neurologist

The following are some of India’s top colleges and institutes known for their neurology programs:

  1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi
  2. Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh
  3. Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore
  4. National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru
  5. Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS), Lucknow
  6. King George’s Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow
  7. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry
  8. Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences (IHBAS), Delhi
  9. Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune
  10. Grant Medical College, Mumbai

This list does not include all prestigious Indian neurology programs. Make sure the college or university meets your needs by researching it.

Career Opportunities for Neurologist

Neurologists have a wide range of career opportunities to choose from, depending on their interests and expertise. Some of the most common career paths for neurologists include:

  • Clinical practice:

Many neurologists work in private practices, hospitals (Apollo and fortis) or clinics, where they diagnose and treat patients with various neurological disorders. This setting allows them to apply their knowledge and skills directly to patient care.

  • Medical Institutions:

Some neurologists choose to work in academic institutions, where they can teach and mentor medical students, residents, and fellows. They may also conduct research and contribute to the advancement of the field.

  • Research:

Neurologists with a strong interest in research can work in research institutes, pharmaceutical companies, or government organizations, focusing on discovering new treatments, understanding the underlying causes of neurological disorders, and developing diagnostic tools.

  • Public health:

Neurologists with a passion for public health can work in government agencies or non-profit organizations, focusing on the prevention and control of neurological disorders at the population level. They can also contribute to the development of public health policies and programs.

  • Medical writing and communication:

Some neurologists may choose to work as medical writers or science communicators, using their expertise to create educational materials, write articles, or contribute to the development of medical guidelines and protocols.

  • Consulting:

Neurologists with experience in the field can work as consultants for healthcare organizations, insurance companies, or pharmaceutical firms, providing expert advice and guidance on various aspects of neurology.

  • Online patient consultations:

With the rise of telemedicine and digital healthcare platforms, such as Practo, 1mg, and Tata Health, neurologists can provide remote consultations to patients across the country or even globally. This allows neurologists to reach a broader patient base and offer their expertise to those in remote or underserved areas, improving access to quality neurological care.

Neurologist Doctor Salary and earning sources

The money a neurologist makes can change based on their experience, where they work, and the type of healthcare setting they’re in. Here’s a look at how neurologists earn money:

  • Base salary:

A neurologist’s main salary depends on their experience and location. Generally, more experienced neurologists make more money. On average, a neurologist in India makes about INR 1,940,000 per year, but this can go up as they gain experience and build a reputation.

Check out the average neurologist salary in India based on experience:

Experience Average Salary (INR)
Entry-level (0-1 years) 1,200,000
Early-career (1-4 years) 1,400,000
Mid-career (5-9 years) 1,940,000
Experienced (10-19 years) 2,500,000
Late-career (20+ years) 3,000,000+

Source: Neurology Salary

  • Bonuses and profit-sharing:

Neurologists might also get extra money (bonuses) from their employer based on how well they perform, how happy their patients are, and if their workplace is doing well financially.

  • Private practice earnings:

Neurologists who have their own clinic can make more money from seeing patients, doing tests, and providing treatments. How much they earn can vary based on how many patients they see, the fees they charge, and their clinic’s costs.

  • Online consultations:

As mentioned earlier, neurologists can also offer online consultations through platforms like Practo, 1mg, and Tata Health. This can serve as an additional source of income while helping more people.

  • Teaching and research:

Neurologists who work at schools or research centers might get extra money for teaching or doing research.

  • Medical writing and consulting:

Neurologists can earn more by writing articles, helping create educational materials, or giving expert advice to companies.

In short, how much a neurologist makes can change based on many factors. However, being a neurologist can lead to a rewarding and financially secure career in the medical field.

Pros and Cons

Being a neurologist has its ups and downs, just like any job.

Here’s a simple look at the good and bad parts:


  • Helping people: Neurologists help patients with brain and nerve problems, making their lives better.
  • Exciting challenges: If you like solving problems and learning, neurology is an interesting field.
  • Career opportunities: There are many job options for neurologists, like working with patients, doing research, or teaching.
  • High Demand: There’s a growing need for neurologists, which means good job chances and ways to grow in your career.
  • Good pay: Neurologists usually make good money, and can earn more as they get better at their job.


  • Extensive education and training: It takes many years and lots of money to become a neurologist, which can be hard.
  • Emotional stress: Helping patients with serious health problems can be tough and make you feel burnt out.
  • Long working hours: Neurologists can work long hours and have to balance their job with their personal life.
  • Always learning: Keeping up with new information in neurology can be hard and take lots of time.
  • Legal risks: Like other doctors, neurologists can face legal problems if something goes wrong, which can be stressful.

Thinking about these pros and cons can help you figure out if being a neurologist is the right job for you.

Related Article: Career as an Doctor


We’ve covered many aspects of becoming a neurologist in this article, including who a neurologist is, their roles and responsibilities, the different types of neurologists, the skills needed to excel in this profession, eligibility criteria, and a step-by-step guide on how to become a neurologist in India. We’ve also talked about job opportunities, salaries, and the benefits and drawbacks of pursuing a career in neurology.

We’ve put together this guide to help you, or anyone considering a career as a neurologist, make an informed career decision by exploring the ins and outs of this profession, so you will be ready for both the ups and downs that come with the job.

If you’ve got any questions or ideas about becoming a neurologist, just drop a comment below. We’d be more than happy to chat and help you out with anything you’d like to discuss.


How many years does it take to become a neurologist in India?

It typically takes around 11-12 years to become a neurologist in India, including 5.5 years of MBBS, 3 years of MD or DNB in general medicine or pediatrics, and 3 years of DM or DNB in neurology.

Is being a neurologist a good career choice?

Being a neurologist can be a good career choice if you’re passionate about helping patients with neurological disorders, enjoy intellectual challenges, and are ready to commit to lengthy education and training.

Is NEET required to become a neurologist in India?

Yes, NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) is required to gain admission to an MBBS program in India, which is the first step towards becoming a neurologist.

How many hours do neurologists work per week?

Neurologists typically work around 40-60 hours per week, but this can vary depending on factors like work setting, specialization, and patient load.

Are neurologists happy with their job?

Happiness as a neurologist varies from person to person. Some may find it highly rewarding and fulfilling, while others may struggle with the emotional and physical demands of the job.

What subjects are required to become a neurologist?

Subjects required to become a neurologist include biology, chemistry, and physics, along with a strong foundation in mathematics and English.

Is working as a neurologist a stressful job?

Working as a neurologist can be stressful, as it involves dealing with complex medical conditions, long working hours, and emotional challenges associated with patient care.

Can women become neurologists?

Yes, women can become neurologists. There are many successful female neurologists in the field, and gender should not be a barrier to pursuing a career in neurology.

Can doctors have a social life while working as a neurologist?

Yes, doctors can have a social life while working as a neurologist, but it may require proper time management and prioritization to balance the demands of the job and personal life.

Neurologist salary in the USA:

The average neurologist salary in the USA is around $250,000 per year, but this can vary depending on factors like experience, location, and specialization.

Who earns more: neurologists or neurosurgeons?

Neurosurgeons generally earn more than neurologists, as their surgical expertise and additional years of training typically command higher salaries.


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About the Author: Sanjay Hota

Meet Sanjay Hota, an edtech content writer with 4+ years of experience. Sanjay creates engaging content for educational institutions and edtech companies, and in his spare time, he helps students and graduates find clarity about their career prospects through his career counselling programme.