Do you want to help others improve their physical health and live pain-free lives? If so, you may be wondering how to become a physiotherapist.

Look no further! This comprehensive guide will provide you with all the information you need to begin your journey into the world of physiotherapy career paths.

We’ll walk you through the essential steps to becoming a physiotherapist, explain the qualifications and eligibility requirements, and delve into various aspects of this rewarding career, such as the role & responsibilities, physiotherapy training, and the scope for physiotherapists in India.

You will also get to know physiotherapist salary expectations in India and abroad. So, let’s get started on our path to a career that truly makes a difference in people’s lives!

Let’s dive in

What is Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is a form of healthcare that evaluates, diagnoses, and treats a wide range of physical conditions and movement disorders. Physiotherapists use a variety of therapeutic interventions to help people of all ages maintain and improve their physical health, manage pain, prevent injuries, and restore mobility and function.

Physiotherapists promote good physical performance and overall well-being by applying evidence-based techniques such as manual therapy, exercise prescription, and the use of electrotherapy methods.

The ultimate goal of physiotherapy is to improve patients’ quality of life by addressing their specific needs and empowering them to live active, healthy lives.


What does a Physiotherapist do: Roles and Responsibilities

A physiotherapist role is essential in assisting patients in recovering from injuries, managing pain, and improving their physical abilities. Their primary responsibilities include the following:

  • Assessment and Diagnosis: 

Physiotherapists use comprehensive assessments to evaluate patients’ physical conditions, medical histories, and functional abilities. Based on their findings, they develop a clinical diagnosis.

  • Treatment Planning: 

After a physiotherapist diagnoses a patient’s condition, he or she makes a unique treatment plan based on the patient’s needs and goals.

  • Therapeutic Interventions: 

Physiotherapists use a wide range of treatments, such as manual therapy, exercise prescription, electrotherapy, and etc, to help patients with physical problems, functional limitations, and pain.

  • Patient Education: 

They teach patients and their families about the nature of their illness, how important it is to follow their treatment plan, and how to take care of themselves and avoid getting hurt.

  • Monitoring Progress: 

Physiotherapists keep an eye on how their patients are doing and make changes to their treatment plans as needed to get the best results.

  • Interprofessional Collaboration: 

They often work with other medical professionals, like doctors, occupational therapists, and nurses, to give patients the best care and support possible.

  • Documentation and Record Keeping: 

Physiotherapists keep accurate and up-to-date records of their patients. These records include assessments, diagnoses, treatment plans, and notes on how the patient is doing.

  • Public Health Promotion and Advocacy: 

Physiotherapists work to make sure that people in their communities have access to high-quality physiotherapy services and share their knowledge through public education projects that stress the importance of physical health and injury prevention. 

Also Read: How to become a Doctor

Types of Physiotherapist

Physiotherapists can specialize in a variety of areas of practice, meeting the specific needs of various patient populations. Among the most common types of physiotherapists are:

  • Orthopedic physiotherapists: 

They treat musculoskeletal injuries like sprains, strains, fractures, and arthritis. They restore strength, mobility, and function after surgery or injury.

  • Neurological Physiotherapist: 

Neurological physiotherapists treat stroke, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injuries. They help patients improve balance, coordination, and function.

  • Cardiovascular and pulmonary physiotherapists: 

They treat COPD, heart failure, and post-surgery patients. They tailor breathing and exercise programs to improve lung and cardiovascular fitness.

  • Pediatric physiotherapists: 

They treat developmental, congenital, and neuromuscular conditions in children and adolescents. Specialized therapies help children grow, develop, and function well.

  • Geriatric physiotherapists: 

These types of physiotherapists treat osteoporosis, arthritis, balance disorders, and mobility issues in older adults. They help seniors live independently and better.

  • Sports physiotherapists: 

They help amateur and professional athletes prevent, improve, and recover from sports injuries. They work with coaches, trainers, and sports medicine professionals.

  • Women’s health physiotherapists: 

They treat pregnancy-related pain, pelvic floor dysfunction, and postpartum rehabilitation. They create personalized treatment plans to keep women healthy throughout their lives.

  • Oncology physiotherapists: 

They help in treating and recovering cancer patients. They develop exercise programs to improve patients’ quality of life and manage cancer side effects like fatigue, pain, and lymphedema.


Skills Required to Become a Physiotherapist

To be a successful physiotherapist, you must have a variety of skills that allow you to assess, treat, and communicate with your patients. Among the necessary skills are:

  • Interpersonal Skills: 

Because physiotherapists work closely with patients, establishing trust and creating a positive therapeutic environment requires building rapport, demonstrating empathy, and being an active listener.

  • Strong verbal and written communication skills: 

are needed when explaining complicated ideas to patients, talking about treatment plans, and working with other healthcare professionals.

  • Analytical Skills: 

Physiotherapists must be able to think critically about their patients’ medical histories, symptoms, and physical examinations in order to make accurate diagnoses and come up with effective treatment plans.

  • Problem-Solving Skills: 

A physiotherapist should be resourceful and flexible, able to change how they treat patients based on how they are doing and what they need.

  • Hand-eye coordination:

Because physiotherapists perform hands-on therapy such as joint mobilization and soft tissue manipulation, they must have excellent hand-eye coordination and fine motor skills.

  • Physical stamina: 

Physiotherapists are frequently on their feet for long periods of time, assisting patients with exercises and performing manual therapy. As a result, they must be physically fit and able to maintain proper body mechanics.

  • Organizational Skills:

Physiotherapists need strong organizational and time management skills to keep track of their schedules, prioritize tasks, and keep accurate records on their patients.

  • Attention to Detail: 

In order to provide safe and effective care, physiotherapists must pay close attention to the details. They must make sure that best practices are used, that patients’ progress is accurately recorded, and that any possible complications are kept an eye on.

  • Continuous Learning: 

Because physiotherapy is a field that is always changing, successful therapists must be committed to learning for the rest of their lives and keeping up with the latest research and developments in their field.

  • Patience and Compassion: 

When working with patients who may be in pain, frustrated, or having emotional problems, you need to have patience and compassion. You also need to be able to offer emotional support and encouragement throughout the rehabilitation process. 



To become a physiotherapist, you must first complete a Bachelor’s degree in Physiotherapy, then pass entrance exams such as the NEET in India, gain hands-on experience through internships, obtain professional licensure, and engage in continuing education.

Completing these physiotherapist qualifications will help you in establishing a successful career in this rewarding field.


How to Become a Physiotherapist in India? A Step-by-Step Guide

By following the below step-by-step guide, you will be a successful physiotherapist in India.

Step 1: Complete your secondary school education (10+2)

Begin by finishing your secondary education with a focus on science subjects such as physics, chemistry, and biology. This is the basis for your physiotherapy education.

Step 2: Prepare for and take the entrance exam

To gain admission to a Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) program, many Indian institutions require students to pass the National Eligibility Cumulative Entrance Test (NEET) or other entrance exams. Prepare thoroughly and aim for a high score to increase your chances of admission to a reputable institution.

Step 3: Earn your Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)

Enroll in a four-year Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) program at a reputable university or college. The program combines theoretical and practical knowledge to provide a solid foundation in the field of physiotherapy.

Step 4: Do an Internship

Most BPT programs require students to do a 6-month internship, during which they will learn by doing how to assess, diagnose, and treat patients under the supervision of experienced physiotherapists.

Step 5: Register with the Indian Association of Physiotherapists (IAP) or State Council

After earning your BPT degree and completing your internship, you can practice as a licensed physiotherapist in India.

Step 6: Complete your secondary school education (10+2)

Begin by finishing your secondary education with a focus on science subjects such as physics, chemistry, and biology. This is the basis for your physiotherapy education. ndia by registering with the IAP or your respective state council.

Step 7: Pursue further education and specialization (optional)

Get a Master’s degree in physiotherapy (MPT) or certifications in specialized areas of physiotherapy, such as sports physiotherapy, neurology, or orthopedics, to learn more and become an expert in your field.

Step 8: Gain practical experience

Start working as a physiotherapist in hospitals, clinics, rehabilitation centers, or private practices to gain experience and build a career in the field. 


Top Colleges/Institutes in India for Physiotherapy course

Here is a list of top colleges/institutes in India offering physiotherapy courses:


Career Opportunities for Physiotherapist

Physiotherapists have a wide range of career options in a wide range of environments, allowing them to choose the work environment that best matches their interests and skills. Physiotherapists can pursue a variety of careers, including:

  • Hospitals: treating patients with various medical conditions.
  • Rehabilitation Centers: Assisting patients in recovering from injuries or disabilities.
  • Sports teams and organizations: providing injury prevention and treatment for athletes.
  • Private Clinics: Offering specialized physiotherapy services.
  • Corporate Sector: Promoting workplace ergonomics and employee wellness.
  • Home Health Care: Providing in-home physiotherapy treatments.
  • Research and academia: conducting studies, publishing articles, or teaching.
  • NGOs and Community Health Programs: Serving Underprivileged Populations
  • Specialized Areas: Focusing on women’s health, geriatrics, neurology, or cardiopulmonary rehabilitation.
  • Telehealth and Online Consultations: Delivering remote consultations and treatment plans.


Physiotherapist Salary

If you’re considering physiotherapy, you should know the salary range. New graduates earn about Rs. 25,000–30,000 per month, while experienced professionals earn Rs. 50,000 or more. However, organization type and responsibility can greatly impact salaries. Physiotherapist salaries also vary by country and region. 

Physiotherapist Salary in India & Abroad

Country Salary Range
India Rs. 3,00,000 – Rs. 6,00,000
United States $70,000 – $1,00,000
United Kingdom £22,000 – £50,000
Australia AUD$55,000 – AUD$80,000
Canada CAD$50,000 – CAD$100,000

Source: Ambitionbox

Physiotherapists may also be able to make extra money through private clinics, commissions, online consultations, and other ways. 


Pros and Cons 

Here are the advantages and disadvantages of a Physiotherapy Career.


  • High demand for physiotherapists
  • Opportunity to help people and improve their quality of life
  • Diverse career opportunities in different settings
  • Flexible work schedules and part-time options are available.
  • Competitive salaries and opportunities for growth


  • Physically and emotionally demanding work
  • Long working hours or shift work
  • Continuous learning is required to stay up-to-date with the latest developments in the field.
  • Requires significant education and training, including a 4-year bachelor’s degree and a 6-month internship, which can be financially challenging for some individuals.



To sum up, becoming a physiotherapist is a hard but rewarding job that requires knowledge, skills, and a lot of hard work.

You can begin your journey into the world of physiotherapy with confidence if you follow the steps outlined in this guide.

Remember to weigh the pros and cons, do research on the best colleges and institutes, and keep improving your skills if you want to do well in this challenging and exciting field.

We hope this guide has given you useful insights and information, and we wish you the best of luck in your career as a physiotherapist!

Please leave a comment if you have any questions or comments about how to become a physiotherapist.



Who is a Physiotherapist?

A physiotherapist is a healthcare professional who assesses, diagnoses, and treats musculoskeletal, neurological, and cardiopulmonary conditions in order to help patients regain mobility, reduce pain, and improve overall functional ability.

Is a physiotherapist a doctor?

A physiotherapist is not a medical doctor. They hold a degree in physiotherapy, and although they are healthcare professionals, they are not licensed to prescribe medications or perform surgeries.

Average salary of a physiotherapist in India?

The average salary of a physiotherapist in India ranges between INR 3-6 lakhs per annum, depending on experience, qualifications, and location.

How to become a physiotherapist after 12th grade?

After finishing your 12th grade with a focus on science subjects, you must pass an entrance exam, such as the NEET, and enroll in a Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) program, which is followed by a 6-month internship and professional registration.

How many years does it take to become a physiotherapist?

A physiotherapist typically takes 4.5 years to complete, including a 4-year BPT program and a 6-month internship.

Entrance exams for physiotherapy after 12th grade?

In India, the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is the primary entrance exam for physiotherapy programs, although some institutions may have their own exams.

Is NEET required for physiotherapy?

In India, NEET is usually needed to get into a physiotherapy program, but some institutions may have their own entrance exams.

Do physiotherapists earn good money?

Physiotherapists generally earn competitive salaries, which can vary based on experience, qualifications, and location.

Is physiotherapy a stressful job?

Due to the physical work, long hours, and emotional aspect of dealing with patients in pain, physiotherapy can be a demanding job. But it can also be a very rewarding job that makes a positive difference in people’s lives.

What is the Physiotherapist salary in Canada?

In Canada, a physiotherapist’s annual salary ranges from CAD 70,000 to CAD 90,000, depending on their level of experience, where they work, and what kind of clinic they work in. 

How to become a sports physiotherapist?

To become a sports physiotherapist, you must have a Bachelor’s degree in physiotherapy as well as additional training or certification in sports physiotherapy or a related field such as sports rehabilitation or sports medicine.


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About the Author: Sanjay Hota

Meet Sanjay Hota, an edtech content writer with 4+ years of experience. Sanjay creates engaging content for educational institutions and edtech companies, and in his spare time, he helps students and graduates find clarity about their career prospects through his career counselling programme.